In a broad sense, general-purpose equipment manufacturing means machinery and equipment used in more than one industry. General-purpose equipment is a basic industry in the equipment manufacturing industry, providing power, transmission, basic processing, lifting and transportation, heat treatment, etc. Basic equipment, primary products such as steel castings and forgings, and basic components such as bearings, gears, fasteners, and seals. Industry products have a wide range of applications, mainly covering aerospace, transportation, petrochemical, light industry and textile markets. It mainly includes boiler and prime mover manufacturing, metal processing machinery manufacturing, lifting and transportation equipment manufacturing, pumps, valves, compressors and similar machinery manufacturing, bearings, gears, transmission and driving parts manufacturing, ovens, furnaces and electric furnaces Manufacturing, fan, weighing, packaging equipment and other general equipment manufacturing, general parts manufacturing and mechanical repair, metal casting, forging, etc.
At present, the domestic general equipment manufacturing industry is not yet developed. The general equipment manufacturing industry in Western Europe, the United States, Japan and other countries is relatively developed, and has a relatively high market share in various sub-sectors. such as:
Application of metal processing machinery in various industries: The United States, Germany, and Japan are the most advanced and experienced countries in the world in the scientific research, design, manufacturing and use of CNC machine tools.
Boiler and prime mover manufacturing industry: In the international market, circulating fluidized bed boilers have become the mainstream of the industry due to their superior environmental protection characteristics, fuel adaptability and good operability. The industry has undergone mergers and acquisitions, forming the American FW company and the French GECAlstom company Two major groups.
Among them, the mainstream of the machine tool manufacturing industry in the United States tends to be electronic, high-speed, and precise, and it is still a world leader in high-efficiency automatic machine tools, automatic production lines, NC machine tools, FMS and other machine tool technology and industrial production. Mainly distributed in the Midwest and Northeast states, the main consumer users are automobile manufacturing, aviation industry, construction and medical equipment manufacturing.
After the 2008 financial crisis, the instability of the international economic environment has increased. Countries all over the world have set their sights on the real economy to stabilize the economy. The equipment manufacturing industry has received more and more attention as a basic industry, and industrialized countries such as the United States, Japan, and Germany have taken aim The high-end equipment manufacturing industry will give greater policy support and encouragement to the high-end manufacturing industry.
However, my country's general equipment is not as developed in the above-mentioned countries. At present, in China’s general equipment manufacturing industry, with the exception of individual sub-sectors, the industry concentration is low, and there is little difference in products within the industry. In this market environment, the cost control of an enterprise is an important factor in determining competitiveness. Enterprise production management , Technology management is the key to enterprise cost control. Only companies that have both production management and technology management in place can be in a leading position. At the same time, industrial scale is an important factor in determining the market share and pricing of a company, and the marketing and construction of product brands is also related to The position of the enterprise in the market competition pattern.
According to forward-looking data: In 2011, my country’s general equipment manufacturing industry had close to 25,000 enterprises above designated size, with an output value of 4.22 trillion yuan. General equipment manufacturing enterprises were mainly small enterprises, with small enterprises accounting for nearly 90%, while large enterprises The proportion of enterprises is only 0.6%. Among the large-scale enterprises, there are only a few companies with an annual sales revenue of more than 10 billion yuan, and most of them have annual sales of only a few billion yuan or a few hundred million yuan.
In my country's general equipment industry, a few areas with high industrial concentration, such as boiler, steam turbine, and water turbine manufacturing, have several large-scale backbone enterprises, and their product market share is relatively high. For example, Dongfang Electric, Shanghai Electric, and Harbin Electric Group, the combined output of these three power groups in the fields of boilers, steam turbines, and water turbines account for more than half of the national output. In recent years, my country's machine tool industry has also emerged as a group of large-scale enterprises represented by Shenyang Machine Tool and Dalian Machine Tool. Shenyang Machine Tool and Dalian Machine Tool have achieved rapid development through mergers and reorganization, expansion of production capacity, and product enhancement. They have entered the top ten global machine tool manufacturers. Ranks. There are also a number of backbone enterprises with their own characteristics in the industry, such as Beiyi Machine Tool, Jier Machine Tool, Qinchuan Machine Tool, Wuhan Heavy Machine Tool, Qier Machine Tool, etc., which have strong competitiveness in different subdivisions. In the machine tool industry as a whole, the market share of these companies is still low.
Since 2001, my country's machinery industry has entered a golden period of development. The scale of industry output has expanded year by year, with an average annual growth rate of more than 20%. As an important molecular industry of the machinery industry, the general equipment manufacturing industry has also entered a period of rapid growth. Except for the large decline in growth rate in 2009, the scale of output value has maintained rapid growth, with an average growth rate of 26.56% in the past five years. At the same time, the scale of industry assets has also expanded significantly, with an average growth rate of 22.55% in the past five years. In the economic environment where the manufacturing industry returns to its “standard”, with the implementation of relevant policies for the high-end equipment manufacturing industry, the implementation of the industrial transformation and upgrading plan, and the increase in fixed asset investment related to the machinery industry, the domestic general equipment manufacturing industry will be in the future It will maintain steady growth for a long period of time.